Crouzon syndrome occurs in about one of every 100,000 births, and also varies considerably in severity.
What is Crouzon Syndrome?Crouzon Syndrome is a condition resulting from premature fusion of the sutures of the skull and deformity of the skull. Characteristics include:
- skull is prematurely fused and unable to grow normally (craniosynostosis)
- bulging wide -set eyes due to shallow eye sockets (ocular proptosis)
- a small underdeveloped upper jaw (maxilla)
- downward slanting eyelids
- curved, parrot -like nose
- high, narrow, arched palate
Crouzon Syndrome with Acanthosis Nigricans (AN) is found in an estimated 5-10% of all Crouzon cases.
What kinds of problems could my child have?
In addition to the physical characteristics common to Crouzon Syndrome, your child may have the following problems:
- dental problems due to crowded teeth and a narrow palate
ear disease and hearing loss in about 50% of children
difficulty breathing due to small airway
possible fluid on the brain (hydrocephalus)